DEF organises a Panel session at the TDL conference "Trust in the Digital World" in Vienna.
Chair: Jacques Bus (Digital Enlightenment Forum)
Jacques Bus gave a short introduction to Digital Enlightenment Forum (see www.digitalenlightenment.org ) which is associated to TDL. Then he introduced the subject with some descriptions of his use of relevant concepts: (1) Identity: total of “body and soul”, behavior, presentation, knowledge, … of an individual (more than data); (2) Privacy: being free from unreasonable constraints on the construction of the own identity in the Digital Society; (3) (Context-dependent) PDM: enables individual to control access and use of her PD in a way that preserves privacy, (and depends on the context of the transaction). He emphasised the distinction between actively and passively collected data and the latter with or without knowledge of the subject or data inferred from big data analysis.
He ended with explaining the principle of Trust Networks (TN) as part of an infrastructure for PDM which allow the subject to control use of PD in transactions with trusted services in a certain context (e.g. health, loyalty cards use).
The presentation of Luk Vervenne (Synergetics) further detailed how his company offers TN infrastructure that gives the user of services reasonable certainty about how his PD is being used. Compliance of SPs with the rules of the TN, as well as additional rules set by the user is assured by technology random tests, audits and trusted governance. Services can use all types of data and policy are partly agreed at TN level, and can partly be set by the user.
The infrastructure includes interoperable interfaces with external TTPs (eg for authentication, storage provision, reputation) as well as the various networked services (SPs) through an API portal, which allows for building a broad ecosystem of community-based TNs, TTPs and SPs.
Lefteris Leontarides (e-SENS) presented the e-SENS project which focusses on developing an interoperable infrastructure for public administration services. It builds upon the projects: STORK (cross-border identification), e-CODEX (support of the Justice process), PEPPOL (e- procurement), EPSOS (Healthcare data and services) and SPOCS (support of government administrations to the business life cycle). Important challenges for public administration are related to minimal data use and purpose binding when collecting data and trust building in various areas, including the handling and linking of sensitive data. Interoperability at the European scale creates many challenges for identification (attribute-based?), dynamic (context-dependent) consent, and delivery of sensitive data. In addition the changing scene raises problems of stakeholder-driven government, trust and awareness.
The last speaker Max Mühlhäuser (Techn Univ Darmstadt) presented the legal Privacy protection rights – i.p. the right to fair processing for specified purposes and based on consent. He showed how the principles of Big Data collection – collect more data and don’t throw any data away – is fully incompatible with these rights. The two main concepts used to implement privacy protection are anonymization and data thrift. However, anonymized storage is essentially impossible in a foolproof way. The collection of ubiquitous sensor data which is considered generally not PII and for which consent is often impossible makes anonymisation a myth. The challenge is a shift from data protection in storage to data protection in use. One (debatable) solution would be a trusted data store with a well-controlled interface including contextual rules.
The discussion focussed on how such trusted data storage could be organised in a way that could address the upcoming liability under the new DPR operational, and proper data management, linking and exchange, in particular in government administrations could be organised.
People should enjoy the kind of autonomy and freedom online that they do offline and therefore we support the position and rights of the individuals in their relation to the new society.
How can digital technology best be used to express and develop our identities in an integrated on/offline world.
Our multi-stakeholder approach seeks to make business, institutions and governments more effective and fit to purpose for digitally empowered citizens and consumers.
A profound dialogue must replace the “truthy” clichés about competing interests that so often are used to justify stagnation and inefficiency.
We bring the Enlightenment metaphor to action in searching game-changing solutions that stimulate innovation and sustainable evolution, and are beneficial to all.
The value of personal data has traditionally been understood in ethical terms as a safeguard for personality rights such as human dignity and privacy.
This first Yearbook gives an excellent impression of the broad spectrum DEF covers and a view on its multidisciplinarity.